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Statewise Issues
Haryana is the developing northern state of the India and the union territory Chandigarh is the capital of Haryana. Farming is the major source of earning for the population of Haryana. The cities of Haryana have great importance in history of the India. Panipat is well known in history for the wars of Panipat and Kurukeshtra is also famous from the religious point of view in Hindu religion. The lifestyle of the population of Haryana is still same as from last many decades in villages and the same touch can also be seen in the cities. Haryana is a growing industrial state.

The major cities of Haryana are developing cities. The socio-economic status of the cities is improving from last few decades. Cities such as Noida, Gurgaon, Sonipat, Panipat and others are the leading industrial hub of Haryana. As the cities are developing and the job oppurtitunties increased a large number population of villages' migrated towards cities for earning, but the major source of earning for villagers is still farming. The standards of living of upper stratum of population are good enough.

On the other hand, there are number of villages in Haryana and backward tribes also. The socio-economic status of this stratum is very poor. In the same state major portion of the population from underdeveloped villages is facing deadly conditions. The lives of the villagers as well as tribal people are very tough especially to those who belong to the dalit and scheduled tribes. No facilities are provided to them in villages. They are not aware about the schemes of government launched for them. The literacy rate is very low. Basic facilities like water, sanitation, education, electricity, transport facility in backward tribes are the major problems of their lives. One hand the cities are developing day by day and on the other hand the people do not have toilet facilities at their home, they use to go outside in fields and sacred open areas. Not only in villages but also in cities, the people of slums are facing almost same conditions.

The condition of the women in such kind of places is as like as in hell. There is no social security and safety for women. Women and girl child is literally prone to explotation. The self respect and self esteem of the women is runnied by the ruling class people. Every day the women of India faces number of problems to survive but their problems increased more being from tribes. The earning methods are daily based labor, farming in the fields of the upper stratum people where the women faces physical exploitations in the form of more work and less pay then the men, sexual harassment and economic explotation by not paying them salary(wages not to be paid at time or giving them wages after unnecessary deduction). Facing harassment became the part of their daily life, women came out from the home for work with a fear that how many times she will have to face harassment on road side, at work place and even at home? How many times she has to be get raped by the eyes steering them?

Other societal evils are child labor, child marriages, suicides by the poor peasants, deaths due to dowry, domestic violence, drug addiction, female feticide etc. No government facilities and schemes reach to their doors whether these are related to education, health and shelter of the people or in any other context. No governments bother for the conditions of such underprivileged tribes and villages. Due to the lower literacy rate the health related issues are more and number of deaths due to diseases is higher than the natural deaths especially in the cases of pregnant women, newborns and under 5 children. The problems are not ending there, tribal women are prone to acquire sexually transmitted diseases, UTIs, RTIs and high risk pregnancies and there suicidal tendencies are very high as compare to the men.

Haryana NGOs (Non Governmental Organisations)

In Haryana for the overall development of that deprived section Non-Profit Organisations are working as social change makers in villages and tribes of the state. This social injustice and pressure is the main reasons behind the deaths due to suicide attempts by the women. Feudalism is responsible for the female feticide and infanticide. In Haryana to empower the women, educating them is most important because they have to compete with the strong feudal set up.
Government is not focussing well for them but still there are groups of dedicated and hardworking people who really want to help them. These are groups of social change makers, who work by establishing Non- governmental organizations. These organistions are working in Haryana by focusing on the major issues of empowerment and upliftment of women in society and to improve the socio-economic status of deprived section and also covers other major problems such as drug addiction, child labor, child marriage, etc. The NGOs are groups of people working for the people without governmental interference.

NGOs working in Haryana for the overall women empowerment and upliftment of their status in society. From education to economic development of the women the non- governmental organizations has been working for them by organizing various camps, awareness rallies, workshops and other training programmes. To increase the literacy rate basic education has been provided to the working women. The camps are being organized for their medical check-ups, including educating them about specific diseases related to women. Awareness camps on family planning methods, use of contraceptives and to save the girl child has been organized by the NGOs with the help of the dedicated medical professionals. Legal camps has been organized under the guidance of field experts to educate them about social injustice, legal rules, regulations and laws meant for women safety in constitution of India.

Haryana NGOs organizes campaigns to sensitize the people on question of women empowerment, injustice with women, obstacles faced by women for their survival in routine life and also on domestic violence. Domestic violence not only covers the violence against women but also the violence against child at home. NGOs have been working against child labor, child marriage, female infanticide and child abuse. NGOs in Haryana have worked on education, health, food and shelter of the orphan children. Schools have been started for basic education to all and NGOs have worked hard to convince the parents for the schooling of girl child.

Drug addiction is the other societal evil which is supposed to be the other major cause of deaths and crime in Haryana. Drug addiction is the root cause of many diseases and death causing medical conditions. De-addiction camps are organised by the NGOs under the guidance of the expertise of the related field. Vocational training camps has been organised for the candidates of the de-addiction centers with the help of vocational trainers. NGOs covered various other issues by organizing rallies and distributing leaflets on the awareness of HIV/AIDS, STDs, RTIs, communicable diseases, seasonal medical problems and various other issues under the guidance of expert medical professionals. Camps and workshops has been organised for physical, mental and intellectual development of most deprived section of society.

Educational camps and seminars are organised on caste and stratum based inequalities i.e. all basic life supporting programmes launched by state and center with various schemes are within the reach of upper stratum but the same are out of the reach of lower stratum who the actual beneficiaries of the schemes.
Special care, protection and education programmes have been initiated by NGOs for the physically and mentally challenged children and adults and also to the elderly. Vocational training camps has been organised under these programmes for disabled persons. Financial help has been provided to the below poverty line families with the help of funds raised from rich families. NGOs organise various group activities on the topics of sanitation, cleanliness or hygiene, food habits, healthy and cheap diet to encourage the people to participate voluntarily and teach them the importance of all the above factors from sanitation to diet in our life. Teach the people about conservation of natural resources, pollution control, save water and electricity, recycling of the waste and its management.

Occupational trainings are also provided to the people to improve their economic status by starting some small scale industries and helping them to start self help groups. Training programmes for the women includes organizing training sessions on traditional hand made goods that can be sold at good rates in marked. Providing education is not enough, organizing guidance and counseling programs is must for the people to reduce the number of suicidal tendencies and to boast up and make them self- confident and self assured. Training programmes prepare them to handle the natural and manmade disastrous situations. NGOs have needed to work for safety of animals and birds.

Organise technology programmes, rain water harvesting, encourage the farmers to learn the new techniques of farming and make them aware about the schemes of their benefits started by state and center government. Aware the public about the schemes and programmes related to health, shelter and food. As sanitation is the basic problem faced by the people of the backward tribes. NGOs have to encourage the people for using toilets and to convince them to construct toilet near to home by telling them that it merely not helps in maintain cleanliness and hygiene but also makes the life of the women bit smoother. Slums of the developing cities of Haryana are the other deprived section of society who seeks help for the betterment of their lives.
Overall development of the society is the major target taken by the NGOs and these non- governmental organizations are working from last few decades to achieve the target. The NGOs had achieved many targets and so many others are yet to achieve.

NGOs in Haryana <Directory>

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